|Oil||Tell me||Identify where you would check the engine oil level and|
tell me how you would check that the engine has
|Identify where to check level, i.e. dipstick or sight|
glass. Explain that level should be between max
and min marks. For dipstick remove dipstick and
wipe clean, return and remove again to check oil
level against max/min marks. For sight glass,
ensure glass is clean when checking.
|Horn||Show me||Show me how you would check that the horn is|
working on this machine (off road only).
|Check is carried out by using control (turn on|
ignition if necessary).
|Brake Fluid||Tell me||Identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me|
how you would check that you have a safe level of
|Identify reservoir, check level against high/low|
|Lights||Tell me||Tell me how you would check that the lights and|
reflectors are clean and working.
|Explanation only: Operate switch (turn on ignition if|
necessary), identify reflectors. Check visually for
cleanliness and operation.
|Brake Light||Show me||Show me how you would check that the brake lights|
|Operate brake, place hand over light or make use|
of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask
someone to help.
|Chain||Tell me||Tell me how you would check the condition of the|
chain on this machine.
|Check for chain wear, correct tension and rear|
wheel alignment. Tension should be adjusted as
specified in the machine handbook. Drive chain
should be lubricated to ensure that excessive wear
does not take place.
|Steering||Show me||Show me what checks you would make on the steering|
movement before using the machine.
|Handlebars should be free to move smoothly from|
full left lock to full right lock without any control
cables being stretched, trapped or pinched and
without any snagging between moving and fixed
|Tyres||Tell me||Tell me how you would check your tyres to ensure that|
they are correctly inflated, have sufficient tread depth
and that their general condition is safe to use on the
|Correct tyre pressure settings can be found in the|
owner’s manual. Pressures should be checked
using a reliable gauge. Tread depth must be at
least 1mm deep, forming a continuous band at
least ¾ of the breadth of the tread and all the way
around. There should be no lumps, bulges or tears.
|Front Brake||Show me||Show me how you would check the operation of the|
front brake on this machine.
|Wheel the machine forward and apply the front|
|Brakes||Show me||Show me how you would check the operation of the|
brakes on this machine.
|Check for excessive travel on the brake lever and|
the brake pedal and for unusual play or
|Emergency Cut Out||Show me||Show me how you would check the operation of the|
engine cut out switch.
|Operate switch, without the engine being|
|Rear Fog Light||Show me||Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light|
and explain when you would use it (if fitted).
|Operate switch (turn on ignition and dipped|
headlights if necessary). Check warning light is on.
|Headlight||Show me||Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped|
to main beam.
|Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if|
necessary), check with main beam warning light.
What advice you would give a pillion passenger?
• Make sure they are wearing the correct clothing including an approved safety helmet.
• Make sure they sit on the bike astride, facing forwards with their feet on the foot pegs at all times.
• Tell them were to hold. Either to the rider or the grab rail.
• Don’t fidget about.
• Lean with the rider and the bike into the corners.
• Don’t do any arm signals.
• Don’t look over my shoulder.
What adjustments would you make to the bike if you were taking a pillion passenger?
• Increase the tyre pressures according to the manufacturer’s advice (owner’s manual).
• Adjust the suspension according to the manufacturer’s advice (owner’s manual).
• Fold the foot pegs down.
• Adjust the headlights according to the manufacturer’s advice (owner’s manual).
• Adjust the mirrors up, as the back will squat down.
How is the extra weight on the back going to affect the handling?
• Acceleration is going to be affecting. On more powerful bike the front could go very light.
• Deceleration is affected. Stopping distances are going to increase.
• Cornering is going to be affected. Centre of gravity is higher therefore it is wise to go into corners slower.
• Front wheel is going to be lighter. Therefore it will feel a little bit vague.
What would affect your balance?
• Poorly maintained machine.
• Additional weight.
• Road surface.